The Green Alternative & how it works
There is a Green alternative that is a cleaner greener smarter solution
Cleaning agents generally separate soils from fabric or surface substrate by dissolving or suspending them in a water or solvent liquid solution to be carried away when the solution is removed. The cleaning action of the primary formulation components is supplemented by additives to optimize the performance of the cleaners.
Biological additives are used to break down organic soils into smaller particles so that the soils are more readily separated and emulsified by surfactants for subsequent removal. Low levels of residual organic soils may often remain on surfaces due to incomplete solubilisation or suspension of imbedded soils or incomplete rinsing of the surface.
Biological additives impart a residual activity to the cleaned surface allowing for a slow removal of deeply embedded soils.
Biological additives function through the action of stabilized extracellular enzymes – enzymes that act outside the body of the microbe that produced them.
These enzymes may be added as a separate component of the cleaning product or they may be produced as required by microbes added as a component of the cleaning product. Enzymes are organic catalysts found in nature.
These catalysts hasten specific chemical reactions.
Each enzyme selectively speeds the breakdown of a single type of chemical bond.
Four classes of enzymes are commonly used in cleaning:
(1) protease which breaks down protein,
(2) amylase which breaks down starch;
(3) lipase which degrades fats and oils, and
(4) cellulase which breaks down cellulose.
Microbes are able to detect the organic soils present and, provided they have the genetic capability, produce the specific enzymes needed to degrade those organics.
How cool is this? Nature at work.
Enzymes are natural catalysts produced by all living organisms for control of metabolism and growth. They control the rate at which chemical reactions occur. We can now harness specific enzymes produced through fermentation processes to speed up a wide range of industrial reactions.
Enzymes help speed up and increase the performance of cleaning products in a wide range of applications. Most consumer laundry detergents contain enzymes to help remove stains, increase whiteness, eliminate fabric pills, and prevent re-soiling. The inclusion of enzymes in laundry detergents also allows for shorter wash cycles and lower wash temperatures while ensuring the desired cleaning result, thus, providing energy savings.
Enzymes are also used to improve the performance of automatic dishwashing products by helping to remove protein deposits, starch films, and food particles.
Can your chemically based detergent do this effectively?
Enzymes perform well under mild temperature and mild pH conditions and are therefore ideally suited for cleaning sensitive materials such as membrane filtration systems and highly sensitive medical equipment such as endoscopes.
Commonly used in some food processing facilities, enzyme cleaning removes the residual organics and assists in effective cleaning of equipment.
Bacteria are nature’s primary decomposers.
Their action helps nature recycle nutrients to be used again. They act by producing specific enzymes capable of breaking down organics present in their environment.
Most microorganisms used in cleaning applications are Bacillus strains. Bacilli are (excellent producers of extracellular enzymes) and they are resistant to a wide range of formulation ingredients.
They produce encapsulated spores that remain inactive for long periods providing shelf stable products. Once exposed to organic substrates they germinate and produce the enzymes required to breakdown the specific organics present.
Germination requires some time and thus enzyme cleaning is not ideal for cleaning processes that must occur very quickly, however, once germinated microbes and their extracellular enzymes will continue to act as long as organics are present and conditions favourable.
Specific benefits provided by microbial actives include deep cleaning of imbedded soils and odour control due to degradation of odour-causing organics
The most widely utilised biological is BACILLUS SUBTILIS:
According to clinical studies documented in the medical research report, IMMUNOSTIMULATION BY BACILLUS SUBTILIS PREPARATIONS, by micro-biologist J. Harmann, the cell wall components of Bacillus Subtilis are able to activate nearly all systems of the human immune defence including the activation of at least three specific antibodies (IgM, IgG and IgA secretion) which are highly effective against many of the harmful viruses, fungi and bacteria pathogens which regularly attempt to invade and infect the human system.
Bacillus subtilis is still used widely today in Germany, France and Israel, where safe, effective all-natural therapeutic products are more highly esteemed by the health-savvy public than the more expensive synthetic drugs and chemicals espoused by the orthodox medical and chemical establishment with all of their dangerous side effects.
In short, the incredible Bacillus subtilis, which is commonly found in the outside environment rather than in the human intestinal system, continues to benefit mankind ever since its unusual discovery by the Germans in 1941. What's more, it is only one small example of the multitude of "friendly" microorganisms which can create tremendous benefits for humans, even though they are not necessarily "native" microorganisms to the human body.
These Bio-Enzymes are proteins created by living cells that exist in organisms such as plants, animals and bacteria and are used to digest waste.
When added to organic material like dirt, grease and oil, they immediately go to work breaking down the organic material within these substances.
This natural “dust to dust” process that constantly occurs in our environment keeps waste material from overrunning us.
The four basic enzymatic systems are those that break down fats and greases (lipase); proteins (protease); cellulose such as wood, cotton and paper (cellulase); and carbohydrates and starches (amylase).
Dirt has layers of fine film composed of “substrate” such as grease, oils, fats, bacteria, germs, dust mites, non-organic material and organic microorganisms.
These films are bonded to each other and to the surface by amino and fatty acids (organic acids composed of proteins, fats or fatty oils).
Most cleaners emulsify some of these dirt films but may not break down the lower levels held together by amino and fatty acids.
Usually the top layers of the films are removed but some of the lower levels are left to collect bacteria. As a result, re-soiling can occur much faster.
HOW THEY WORK.
When activated bio-enzymes attack or digest the amino and fatty acids that bond the films of dirt together. They also emulsify them so they can be completely removed from the surface.
Researchers believe that in the activation process, when the substrate and enzymes come in contact with each other, the enzymes physically curl and twist—in what is called a “conformational change.” This physical change initiates the contact between the enzyme and substrate which is necessary to “catalyze” the reaction.
A catalyst is a substance that speeds or slows a chemical reaction without being involved in the reaction itself.
Put another way, enzymes are chemical catalysts that accelerate the natural biodegrading or breaking down, of organic substrate, which comprises most soils.
Enzymes dissolve and break down protein and organic matter, diminishing odours caused by staining agents such as urine, feces, vomit, pet odours, spoiled foods and mildew.
Enzymes are derived from living organisms and are harmless to humans, animals, marine life and general ecology. They are non-toxic, non-irritating, non-gaseous, non-flammable, non-pathogenic and typically safe to use.
There are thousands of different enzymes, each having specific, individual characteristics. Since an enzyme that breaks down proteins (protease) will not react on fats or oils, and effective enzymatic cleaning system must contain enough different classes and types of enzymes to assure proper catalytic reaction. In concentrated form, this greatly speeds up the natural “dust to dust” process.
One way to demonstrate the effectiveness of enzyme digesters is to mix warm water and the enzyme product in a small cup (per recommended dilution ratio). Then place a few pieces of dry cat food into the cup. After 10 to 15 minutes, the cat food will be totally dissolved. This breakdown of protein will demonstrate, and help you more fully understand, how the chemical works on other microscopic bacteria and proteins.